What is Learning Difficulty?
Child with LD may have some of the problems mentioned below:
- There are unexpected difficulties in reading as compared to the other children of the same age or same level of education.
- There are language problems at the level of phonologic (sound of the word) processing.
- Problems with sound of words as:
- Trouble rhyming the words: car and bar, ball and call etc
- Confusion of words that sound alike
- Expressive language difficulties:
- Mispronunciation: cimena for cinema
- Hesitates in pronunciation
- Word finding difficulties: groping for the correct word
- Difficulty in naming:
- Learning letters of the alphabet
- Learning names of the numbers.
- Difficulty learning to associate sound with letters
- Reading and spelling difficulties in close relatives
- Reading difficulties:
- Single word decoding .
ex: the child knows what to do if told “go to the garden” but does not know the meaning of “garden”.
- Difficulty in reading unfamiliar words.
ex: a child who can read ‘mat’, ‘bat’, ‘cat’, ‘rat’ should be able to read ‘sat’ but can’t.
- Inaccurate and labored oral reading.
- Slow reading. Cannot read in the mind. Has to spell out the whole word before coming to the pronunciation.
- Language problems:
- Can’t name objects in pictures.
- Better at pointing to objects.
- Poor phonologic awareness.